Organic chemistry is the chemistry of carbon and its compounds. These compounds are called organic molecules.
Organic molecules constitute the chemical bricks of life. Fats, sugars, proteins, and the nucleic acids are compounds in which the principal component is carbon. So are countless substances that we take for granted in everyday use. All the clothes that we wear, toothbrushes, toothpaste, soaps, shampoos, deodorants, perfumes, contain organic compounds
Jöns Jacob Berzelius in 1807 coined the term “organic chemistry” for the study of compounds derived from natural sources. It was believed inorganic compounds could be synthesized in the laboratory, but organic compounds could not, at least not from inorganic materials. In 1828 Friedrich Wöhler,obseved one transformation in which an inorganic salt, amonium cyanate, was converted to urea, a known organic sustance earlier isolated from urine.
This web deals with about 100 of the most important reactions in organic chemistry; the selection is based on their importance for modern preparative organic chemistry. The reactions are arranged in alphabetical order.
Organic synthesis is a very important part of organic chemistry. More than 10 million organic substances have been synthesized from simpler materials, both organic and inorganic. The goal of synthesis is to construct complex organic chemicals from simpler, more readily available ones. To be able to convert one molecule into another,chemists must know organic reactions